My research interest is in the application of electrical and computer engineering knowledge to develop, assess and provide better treatment to patients who have musculoskeletal injuries and disorders. The two major focuses are on children who have spinal deformities and on early diagnosis of osteoporosis. On the spinal deformities, I am interested in the non-surgical treatment, the non-invasive method to assess treatment outcomes and the biomechanics role during scoliosis surgery. On the osteoporosis, I am interested in development of new ultrasound techniques to provide a more reliable and accurate method to early detection of osteoporosis. Currently, I have 1 Msc students, 6 PhDs, and 2 fulltime research assistants. I spend approximately 1.5 days per week with these HQP. I spend 2 hours per week to have weekly meeting with orthopaedic surgeons and 2 hours per month with monthly meeting with the pediatric groups.