Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common problem in pediatrics, affecting up to 10% of the population. Children with OSA can have difficulties with learning, can have increased weight gain, and can have added strain on their heart. The gold standard method of evaluating for obstructive sleep apnea in pediatrics is through a sleep study conducted in a laboratory where technicians watch many parts of the child's sleep. Typically, sleep would be assessed for one full night, and if needed they would return to the sleep laboratory for another sleep study to observe if a particular form of treatment, CPAP, is successful. Access to these labs are limited, which results in long wait times.
My current project is to describe a large group of patients with OSA, who instead of undergoing two sleep studies, had their sleep observed and started treatment during a single sleep study. This is not well described in the literature, though may help children start on treatment earlier, and may help improve access to the sleep laboratories.